English Language

2014/08/15

My Opinion About Indonesian People

I just share a little.. If you love it, please upvote the post here in 9gag.. Thank you


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2014/08/14

Natural Hot Spring, Sari Ater

It is very relaxing to be in this hot spring, Sari Ater, West Java. I also recommend you to stay at the Sari Ater Hotel so you can get into the hot spring as many times as possible. But if you are not staying and just go to the hot spring, beware of the scammers who try to tell you that the hot springs is closed, the hot springs is very expensive now and recommend you other place they got, etc, even before you are arrived! The places they offer are not worth it and you can spend more money there. Ignore them, keep going and you will get the hot springs people talking about. The largest one and not as expensive as the scammer said. Sometimes the official got the commission from the scammer too, so they also offer you the expensive package (include hot swimming pool, etc) and trying to convince you that the cheap one is bad because it is just a river. Well, you are looking for natural hot spring right? So, that's all you need, bro! It is good to have the package to the swimming pool, but it is hot that all you will do is sit and sleep there. Not different with the natural one! So, beware of people, and I recommend you to stay at the hotel because these problems won't happen since you have the right to swim anywhere as long as you are the hotel's guest.


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2014/06/18

Discovery of Carnivorous Water Rat in Indonesia

Jacob Esselstyn, curator of mammals at LSU’s Museum of Natural Science, was part of a research team that discovered a carnivorous water rat in central Indonesia. The species was previously known only to local people in the western highlands of Sulawesi Island, and has been used as a talisman by area residents to protect homes from fire.

Published in the zoological taxonomy journal Zootaxa, the discovery of the new genus and species of mammal, “Waiomys mamasae,” documents the first known water rat from Sulawesi and the wider Southeast Asian region. Other semi-aquatic rats are known from New Guinea, Australia, Africa and South America. The authors indicated that, like other semi-aquatic rats, the new species feeds on aquatic insects that attach themselves to stream bottoms.

The scientists used DNA sequences to demonstrate that the new species is not a close relative of any other water rat species, including those of New Guinea and Australia. This indicates that the morphological features the Sulawesi water rat shares with other water rat species are the result of convergent evolution – meaning that these distantly related animals have been living in similar environments and independently evolved similar adaptations.

“The Sulawesi water rat and the water rats of New Guinea are no more closely related to each other than either is to the house mouse or the lab rat, but they live in similar environments, which may explain their convergent morphologies,” said Esselstyn.

The local people know the animal as “balau wai,” or water rat in their language, Mamasa Toraja.  The scientific name, “Waiomys mamasae” meaning “water rat of Mamasa,” recognizes their prior knowledge as well as their contribution to the scientific discovery of this species.

“The forests near Mamasa are some of the most intact on Sulawesi,” said Anang Achmadi, a scientist at Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense in Indonesia and co-author of the study. “Their excellent condition is a testament to the Mamasan people, who limit clearing of forests to the base of the mountain.”

In the 19th century, Alfred Wallace, co-discoverer of natural selection, described Sulawesi as an “anomalous island” because the animals he found there were so unusual.
“Sulawesi’s ancient history of geographic isolation, along with its many high mountains help explain why it is home to so many strange animals,” said Esselstyn.

He added, “It’s a real thrill to follow in the footsteps of early naturalists and to still be discovering so many new animals. But the fact that the people of Mamasa knew of Waiomys and keep them as talismans suggests the research community has a lot of work to do before tropical biodiversity will be well documented.”

Source
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2014/06/08

The island of Java is home to the Cemani, a chicken that is jet black from head to toe

I found it in 9gag and it is interesting. So i'll just put the picture here to show to you all and to remind me I have "things to do with this big black cock" LOL. sounds not good, I mean here do research about this big black cock.

Well, I said "research"  and that doesn't make things less NSFW, thanks to the internet for ruining my brain!I mean here the real research and blog about it.




Link on 9 Gag: here
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2014/06/03

Indonesia: Wisata dan Budaya

Salam sejahtera semuanya, gw harap semua yang membaca blog ini dalam keadaan sehat, sejahtera, dan damai hatinya. Biarlah kita semua menjadi pembawa kedamaian dan saling bahu-membahu menjaga keamanan negara kita, serta bijak dalam bersikap diantara sesama manusia, terlebih saudara sebangsa setanah air. Amin…

Hampir setiap liburan sekolah, kegiatan wajib yang gw lakukan adalah merencanakan liburan dan pergi berlibur ke suatu tempat yang kata orang seru, dan menghabiskan waktu beberapa hari di sana untuk menikmati liburan Juni atau Desember. Hal ini cukup banyak telah menjadi semacam ritual tiap tahunan di keluarga gw. Almarhum Ayah gw kerja di Garuda Indonesia, sehingga sudah menjadi jatah kami tiap tahun untuk terbang ke daerah manapun dengan pesawat Garuda gratis, tentu saja selama daerah tersebut adalah destinasi dimana pesawat Garuda terbang kesana. Hingga saat inipun jatah tersebut masih ada, sampai dua tahun ke depan, dan setelah itu hanya Ibu gw saja yang memperoleh jatah terbang.

Semenjak  TK hingga SD, lupa kelas berapa, kami hanya memakai jatah kami untuk pergi ke Medan, kampung halaman gw. Sampai saat ini, gw lupa berapa kali gw ke Medan waktu masih kecil. Tapi, gw sangat ingat destinasi selain Medan yang gw tuju pertama kali adalah Bali. Tujuannya pergi ke lain tempat setelah gw agak gede sih, katanya, biar ga sayang jatahnya. Kalau pergi waktu masih kecil, pasti waktu udah gede akan lupa, jadi mubazir. Gimanapun, ga tau entah kenapa sampai saat ini gw masih inget, hal pertama yang gw tanyain waktu sampai di Bali adalah “Opung mana? Dijemput Opung?” Dan saat itulah gw dijelasin bahwa naik pesawat belum tentu pergi ke Medan. Lu bisa pergi kemanapun dengan pesawat terbang.. Ah, polosnya pemikiran gw waktu itu. Setelah itu gw ga inget banyak. Gw cuma inget jalan kaki malem-malem di pantai bareng-bareng. Gw juga inget disuruh Ayah gw supaya jangan deket-deket sama orang mabuk.

Bali, gw udah beberapa kali ke sana. Tidak usah ditanyakan lagi indahnya. Dari sunrise hingga sunset, dari pemandangan hingga makanan, dari kota hingga desa, dari main sampai belanja, semua bisa diperoleh di Pulau Dewata ini. Kalau gw boleh saranin, kalau mau promosi sebaiknya jangan Bali. Udah terlalu terkenal. Lombok misalnya, dengan pasir putihnya, dengan pantai-ppantai yang sepi, jelas pilihan yang tepat untuk liburan. Di Lombok, makanannya lumayan enak, dan gw bawa pulang pasir putih yang bersih buat isi akuarium gw. Gw juga bawa pulang anyaman dan keramik yang lucu. Sungguh, kalau mau merasakan lonely island, Lombok lumayan mendekati kriteria. Yang agak sedikit mengganggu adalah orang-orang yang jualan pas kita lagi enak-enak tidur di pantai, tapi masih reasonable karena sedikit yang datang.

Manado, buat gw yang orang batak pemakan segala, ga ada yang salah dengan makanan Manado. Kenyang gw disana. Dari Bunaken, pantai-pantai lain, kuburan kuno jongkok (makam raja yang dimakamkan dalam keadaan jongkok), dan jangan lupa, klappertaart. Benar! Klappertaart asalnya dari Manado, bukan dari Bandung!

Jogja, kota yang menarik buat pergi ke candi-candi, makan murah, pantai dan keraton Jogjakarta. Museum affandi juga cukup berkesan buat gw. Sampai sekarang, gw sangat ingat salah satu lukisan di dalamnya, lukisan kepala pecah. Cukup mengerikan, tapi entah mengapa lukisan itu yang gw ingat.

Gw juga pernah di Jakarta (pastinya), Bandung, Medan, Anyer, Papua, Surabaya, dan Batam. Jelas terpesona dengan keunikannya masing-masing.

Kemudain dengan semakin besarnya usia gw, perjalanan mulai melebar ke negara lain. Dari negara Asia dan Eropa, karena Garuda memang menjangkau dua benua tersebut. Jelas suatu keberuntungan buat gw. Keuangan memang kata nyokap gw biasa aja, bukan hal yang bisa dipamer-pamerin. Tapi gw bersyukur buat kesempatan yang Tuhan berikan untuk merasakan pengalaman jalan-jalan yang mungkin orang yang kaya mikir-mikir dulu. Jadi sebenarnya pengalaman lah yang gw peroleh, bukan hedonisme, karena jelas untuk berhedon saat jalan-jalan mikirnya “berapa harganya kalau di kurs ke rupiah? Jangan-jangan bisa beli di Tanah Abang lebih murah” :D

Beda rasanya tercengang di negara lain dan di negara sendiri. Saat tercengang di negara sendiri, entah kenapa gw ngerasa seneng banget karena gw tau kalau gw udah besar, gw cuma perlu nyisihin duit untuk biaya transportasi dan gw bisa beristirahat di sana. Kalau tercengang di negara orang? Bawaannya marah, kecewa, dan greget. Kenapa? Gw selalu ngerasa apapun yang bisa bikin gw tercengang di negara orang, gw rasa sebenarnya bisa diterapin di Indonesia! Kurang indah apa wisata kita, sampai-sampai di tempat lain bisa mengambil keuntungan lebih besar, bisa memperoleh pendapatan lebih yang ujung-ujungnya bisa meningkatkan kesejahteraan rakyatnya. Gw ngerasa ada yang salah dari istilah “terlalu banyak kekayaan alam dan budaya kita” sampai kita tidak tahu apa yang bisa kita kembangkan!

Singapura dan Malaysia merupakan negara tetangga kita. Rapih, modern, dan teratur. Tapi jujur, gw ga terlalu mengerti tentang Singapura. Menurut gw, overrated. Mungkin karena gw ga hobi belanja. Tapi ke Singapura untuk menghabiskan hari tua bukanlah bayangan yang menarik buat gw. Gw rasa modern yang dipaksakan itu membuat kita kurang peduli dengan siapa yang ada di sekitar kita. Stress, dan pengkotak-kotakan/stereotype suku dan ras menurut gw sangat kental disana (karena ada tiga ras utama disana). Gw sangat bersyukur gw tinggal di negara yang sukunya terlalu banyak untuk stereotype, meskipun jujur untuk Medan, gw tau bagaimana sinisme yang ada antara Tionghoa dan Batak. Ini cukup banyak dan lebih kental terlihat di Sigapura dan Malaysia. Hal ini membuat rasa tidak nyaman untuk berinteraksi dengan orang lain karena stereotype yang tertanam di kepala kita, dalam hal ini gw sebagai orang Batak saat gw belanja di Singapura.

 Gw sendiri ga terlalu suka jika orang Batak melihat Tionghoa secara sinis dan curiga, karena gw tau orang Batak juga ga semuanya baik. Gw juga ga suka kalau lagi ngumpul lalu saling ngeluarin bahasa Hokkien. Maksud gw, gw kan juga ikut ngumpul, masa gw jadi orang “luar lingkaran”. Apalagi kalau bahasa sehari-harinya pakai bahasa Hokkien, mungkin banyak maknanya Sumpah Pemuda menyatakan Berbahasa Satu, Bahasa Indonesia. Supaya kita lebih satu, supaya kita lebih saling mengerti, supaya kita nyaman satu dengan yang lainnya, menghindari rasa saling curiga, dll. Orang Batak? Gw juga ga mau dekat kalau bahasa sehari-harinya pakai bahasa Batak. Gw aja ga ngerti bahasa batak, jangan-jangan pada ngomongin gw. Gw setuju kita harus belajar bahasa Batak atau apapun suku lu, tapi gw meyakini ada konteks seperti acara keluarga atau acara adat atau yang lainnya yang menyatakan kesatuan suku. Jelas jika digunakan sehari-hari yang terlihat adalah arogansi suku, dan mungkin ini yang terjadi di Malaysia dan Singapura, sehingga kental sekali stereotype berdasarkan suku dan Ras. Satu suku, bukan satu Bangsa, dan seharusnya ini kita hindari.

Thailand adalah negara yang sedikit banyak mirip dengan Indonesia. Pantainya indah. Banyak kuil yang eksotis dan mencengangkan. Wisata alam dan pertunjukan yang seru. Keramahan penduduk terhadap wisatawan yang sangat kentara. Makanan yang enak-enak! Satu hal yang membuat gw sedih, apa istimewanya negara ini dari Indonesia? Sedikit tertegun bagaimana mereka MENGEMAS apapun yang mereka miliki menjadi lebih baik dan nyaman! Itu yang membuat berbeda dari Indonesia. Peninggalan budaya dan sejarah yang ada didominasi peninggalan situs Budha. Coba bayangkan berbagai jenis suku, budaya, dan agama serta kerajaan yang sudah “menghasilkan” situs di Indonesia. 

Tapi memang, yang membedakan adalah kenyamanannya. Kita pergi dari satu tempat ke tempat lain di Thailand tidak terlalu lama. Bayangkan jika di daerah-daerah di Indonesia, yang menjanjikan eksotisme, tapi untuk pergi kesana saja harus mikir beribu kali karena lelah dan makan waktu banyak. Cobalah ke taman Simalam di Sumut, Waruga (kubur jongkok) di Sulut, atau mumi di Papua. Pusing mikirin lama perjalannya dan rusak jalannya, ujung-ujungnya ya tentang biaya juga.

Kalau bicara biaya, ini juga mungkin kekesalan gw. Mungkin sudah biasa yang namanya tempat wisata ada scammer yang mencari uang lebihan. Tapi bayangkan di Indonesia yang meskipun ada scam, kita tidak bisa menemukan pihak yang berwajib (penjual tiket resmi), atau malah pihak yang berwajibnya kerja sama dengan scammer karena dapat bagian!!  Biasa ini ada di tempat wisata alam seperti sungai, air terjun, air panas, hutan,  yang malah mungkin sebenarnya gratis, atau dikelola pemerintah, namun tidak pernah diperhatikan. Alhasil, terserah mereka mau buat harga berapa, karena yang resminya saja tutup mata!! Sudah bayar di depan, di dalem disuruh bayar asuransi. Kalau ditanya penjual tiket resmi, katanya wajib, padahal yang disamperin hanya sedapetnya aja. Harga dibuat berkali-kali lipat. Harga parkir seenak jidat. Bagaimana kita mau promosiin hal-hal seperti ini? Jangankan negara orang, kita negara sendiri aja males kesana. Padahal yang mau dilihat paling hutan dan air terjun! (cobalah ke pantai yang sepi di Bali atau di hutan seperti di Banten.

Juga kalau bicara kemasan, mungkin kita kurang sadar bahwa  sebenarnya orang-orang tidak hanya membeli objek semata. Kalau gw ke suatu tempat atau membeli sesuatu, gw akan mempertimbangkan pergi ke tempat atau membeli benda yang terkenal dan unik disana, dan karena itu harus terkenal, artinya gw juga membeli cerita! Cerita ini yang membuat gw iri dengan Thailand.  Mereka bisa mengemas hal yang biasa dengan cerita yang menarik dan otentik. Bagaimana pijatan di pinggir jalan disebut sebagai "secret ancient massage" yang tidak berbeda rasanya dengan pijat refleksi di sini. Atau mengajak pengunjung berkeliling dengan kereta mini, melihat sejarah permata Thailand dan keindahannya, hanya untuk menawarkan permata jualan mereka. Fantastis! Mungkin  dalam konteks Indonesia bisa gw jelaskan seperti ini: Wayang terkenal karena memiliki cerita dan budaya yang kaya. Karena itulah gw akan lebih memilih membeli wayang Cepot daripada wayang berbentuk kelinci. Kalau gw beli wayang berbentuk kelinci, gw membeli boneka kayu yang menurut gw beli dimana-mana bisa. Tapi kalau wayang cepot, meskipun gw bisa membuat semirip mungkinpun, hasilnya tidak akan semahal filosofi yang terkandung dari buatan tangan orang Sunda. Cerita ini juga bisa datang dari mulut kemulut. Itulah mengapa ada banyak pantai di Indonesia, tapi di Bali yang paling dikenal. Karena kenangannya manis.Bayangin ke pantai tidak tertata penuh batu karang yang harus ditempuh melalui jalan rusak selama 5 jam dari kota terdekat, kemudian dikecewakan dengan harga dan “isengan” orang-orang lain. Jelas bukan pengalaman yang baik ( Pantai karang bisa kok banyak pengunjung,tapi kalau tidak tertata dan hospitalitynya rendah, mau bagaimana?). see? Ya, cerita itu yang mahal dan menarik! atau kalau orang bilang promosi atau iklan, tapi gw lebih senang untuk mengatakannya sebagai cerita..

Mungkin bicara kemasan, negara di Asia seperti Korea (Selatan) dan China lebih mengemas dari segi teknologi. Naik ke gunung Sheorak, cukup menggunakan cable car. Sangat nyaman. Masih terlihat bekas jalur yang digunakan pendaki menggunakan tali. Atau menggunakan alat alihbahasa genggam di lingkungan peninggalan kerajaan sehingga kita tidak hanya melongo tanpa tau apa cerita yang ada di hadapan kita. Atau  pulau Nami yang dipasangi speaker setiap beberapa meter dan memutarkan lagu sehingga kita merasa seperti tokoh pada film Winter Sonata yang terkenal itu dengan musik pendukungnya.Ya, mungkin memang teknologi seperti ini yang mendukung keindahan wisatanya. 

Kemasan cerita yang lebih bagus adalah negara seperti Brussels dengan patung anak cowok kencing berdirinya. Gw sebenarnya ga terlalu ngerti apa cerita di balik patung tersebut, tapi jelas icon tersebut dapat dijadikan destinasi utama negara tersebut. Bayangkan, patung lebih kecil dari ukuran orang dewasa, dicari  wisatawan untuk satu negara bernama Brussels! Berapa banyak patung yang mengisahkan perjuangan di Indonesia, mengisahkan cerita cinta, yang bisa dibumbui dan dipromosikan di seluruh dunia? Yang lebih bagus? Banyaaaaak. Kalau memang niat, patung kereta api di depan Stasiun di Bandung, atau patung Sigale-gale di tapanuli pun bisa dipromosikan jika ditata lebih baik. Sekarang prasasti peninggalan kejayaan Tarumanegara pun tidak dikemas seperti monumen yang memiliki semangat kejayaan layaknya museum di Keraton Jogjakarta.

Gw mau menutup curhat gw dengan menggambarkan Paris. Paris memang gw akui benar-benar kota yang indah, ga dibuat-buat. Benar-benar pertunjukan seni yang dipersembahkan di seluruh kota dengan gedung-gedung artistiknya. Megah, dan indah. Selain itu, melihat Eiffel yang berkelap-kelip ketika malam tiba, ditemani musik jalanan dan waffle. NAGIH!!  Mungkin Indonesia terlalu luas, dan terlalu tidak merata untuk memusatkan kesenian kita di satu tempat dan menjadikannya kota khusus seperti Paris. Tapi untuk kesenian kita, gw tau kita ga kalah. Tahukah kamu  Soekarno pernah bermimpi Monas, dengan cerita perjuangan dan kemegahan emas diatasnya, menjadi setenar Eiffel? Semoga hal ini dapat cepat terwujud.. Mungkin curhat gw ga terlalu penting, tapi satu hal yang mau gw usahain dengan blog ini adalah gw mau belajar cerita dibalik budaya, tempat, sejarah, apapun itu yang bisa gw ketahui.Suatu hari, gw berharap gw punya cukup duit yang bisa gw kelola untuk membantu seniman lokal dan objek wisata lokal, agar kita punya kebanggaan dan sumber kesejahteraan lokal sendiri di masing-masing tempat. Gw ga tau bakal untung besar atau untung kecil, atau kemungkinan besar merugi. Tapi gw meyakini budaya dan wisata kita bahkan bisa lebih menjanjikan dari yang ada sekarang, untuk kesejahteraan warga lokal. Gw ga ngerti tentang hukum, tentang politik, atau tentang ekonomi yang mengatakan hidup di Indonesia keras seperti kerja rodi di neraka. Tapi jelas, gw punya cukup pengalaman yang gw rasain sendiri untuk menyatakan Indonesia adalah surga di dunia. Because I Believe there’s a purpose God has made me in Indonesia!


Yeremia 29:7
"Usahakanlah kesejahteraan kota ke mana kamu Aku buang, dan berdoalah untuk kota itu kepada TUHAN, sebab kesejahteraannya adalah kesejahteraanmu."








READ MORE - Indonesia: Wisata dan Budaya

2014/06/02

Folklore from North Sulawesi: Wuwung Sewe and The Crocodile


A long time ago in Minahasa, there lived a fisherman. His name was Wuwung Sewe. He lived with his family near a river. Wuwung Sewe was a kind man. He liked to help other people.

Every day Wuwung Sewe went to the river to catch some fish. And after he caught the fish he sold them in the market. He liked his job very much.

It was a beautiful day. Wuwung Sewe was at the side of the river. He was ready to catch the fish. Suddenly he heard someone was asking for help.

"Help... Please, somebody help me...." Wuwung Sewe was looking around but he did not see anyone. He kept on looking but still, he did not see anyone at the river.

Wowing saw then walked along the riverside. The voice of asking was getting clearer and louder. Wuwung Sewe was sure that he, was getting closer. And finally, he found the source of the voice asking for a help.
It was not a man asking for a help, but it was a crocodile! And it was a very big crocodile. Wuwung Sewe was very scared. He was so shocked to see a crocodile was able to talk tike humans.

"Please, help me, there is a spear in my back. It's so painful...." said the crocodile.

"What happened?" asked Wuwung Sewe after he was calmed down.

"A hunter was trying to kill me. He threw his spear at me. Luckily I was able to save my life. The spear is still in my back. Can you please pull it out?"

Wuwung Sewe was actually very scared. However, he was very sorry to see the condition of the crocodile. He wanted to help the crocodile.

"Are you ready? I will pull it out now. Please hold, it might feel so painful," said Wuwung Sewe.

With a great effort, he pulled the spear out. It was not easy for him, but finally he succeeded.

"Thank you very much. You already helped me. Now what can I do for you?" asked the crocodile.

Wuwung Sewe suddenly remembered his children. He did not allow his children to play at the river side. He was afraid that crocodile would hurt his children. He then had an idea.

"Mr Crocodile, my wish is simple. From now on don't hurt my family," said Wuwung Sewe.

"Don't worry, I will ask my family and my friends not to hurt your family," said the crocodile.


Wuwung Sewe was very,happy. He was glad that he did not have to worry when his children played near the river. He had a friend who would guard his children. And his friend was the crocodile!

READ MORE - Folklore from North Sulawesi: Wuwung Sewe and The Crocodile

Folklore from Papua

Irian Jaya, or also known as Papua, is a great part of Indonesia which is rich in cultures and natural beauties. The famous Raja Ampat is there, and many other white sand beaches are also there.  

Basically, you may know the cultures and habits of the society of a place from the old story from that place, since most of the life value in Indonesian society was told from elder to younger people. After you hear or read an old story from some places of Indonesia, you will see that the story is deep and meaningful, even though you may hear some illogical things in the story, perhaps it was made to activate the creativity of the children, and also the flavor to make the story become more interesting. So here, I present to you a folklore from Papua.. Enjoy :)

Once upon a time, there was a man named Towjatuwa in Irian jaya (an old name for Papua). He lived beside Tami River.

He was sad, His wife was pregnant and it was too hard for her to deliver the baby. To help the baby, Towjatuwa needed surgical operation with a sharp stone he could get from Tami River.

When he was looking for the stone, he heard strange sound from his back. He was surprised to see a giant crocodile. He was scared. The crocodile slowly moved to Towjatuwa . This crocodile was different from other crocodiles. It had the feather of Cassowary at its back so it was scarier than other crocodiles.

Towjatuwa moved back to run, but the crocodile greeted him and asked what he was doing there. Then Towjatuwa told the condition of his wife. Then the crocodile answered: “don’t worry. I’ll come to your house tonight. I’ll help you and your wife.” Towjatuwa went home to see his wife. He told his wife about that crocodile happily.

The other night, the magical crocodile got into Towjatuwa’s house. With its magical power, the baby could be born safely. The baby got named, Narrowra. The crocodile portended that the baby would become a great hunter.

The crocodile, named Wawute by the local people who had heard this story and told it to their children, asked Towjatuwa’s family not to kill and eat any crocodile’s flash, or their entire family would be die. Towtjatuwa and his family promised that. They became the protector of river life in Tami River.


 Could you find the epic culture which is taught from this story to the younger generation?  You will see why the natural life of Papua is still good right now. Yes, we believe crocodile might endanger our life, and from the story, we know that it is quite common to see crocodile in the rivers of Papua. But after all, the kids were taught, indirectly from the story, that even though the crocodile is scary, they need to be protected as the part of nature. This story may has changed the image of crocodile in our mind. Smooth way, isn’t it?
READ MORE - Folklore from Papua

Pygmy Tarsier

The pygmy tarsier, with a head-body length of 95 to 105 mm (about 4 inches), weighs less than 57 grams (2 ounces), very distinct morphological features, a body length which is smaller than other tarsier species, and a small body weight, has become the smallest primate in the world.  It is also called mountain tarsier.

It has smaller ears than the rest of the genus, and its fur is tan or buff with predominant grey or brownish red coloring. The tail is heavily haired and ranges from 135 to 275 mm. The most noticeable feature of the pygmy tarsier is its large eyes, about 16 mm in diameter. The pygmy tarsier is nocturnal or crepuscular, and is mainly arboreal. 

It spends most of the daylight hours sleeping on vertical branches in the canopy. The pygmy tarsier is found on the island of Sulawesi. This species lives in the mossy, rainforests of central Sulawesi. It was believed that Pygmy tarsier had extinct since early 20th century, before some researchers found it in Sulawesi.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mamalia
Order: Primates
Family: Tarsiidae
Genus: Tarsius

Species: T. pumilus
READ MORE - Pygmy Tarsier

Raja Ampat, The Trivia

The name of Raja Ampat comes from local mythology that tells about a woman who finds seven eggs. Four of the seven eggs hatch and become kings that occupy four of Raja Ampat biggest islands whilst the other three become a ghost, a woman, and a stone. As stunningly beautiful above water as it is below, Raja Ampat (which literally translates as “The Four Kings”) has a startling diversity of habitats to explore. Each of these – from the stark wave-pounded slopes that drop away beneath the karst cliffs of Wayag and Uranie to the deep, nutrient-rich bays of Mayalibit, Kabui and Aljui to the “blue water mangrove” channels of Kofiau and Gam to the plankton-rich upwelling areas of Misool and the Dampier Strait – are home to unique assemblages of species that, when taken together, add to produce the most impressive species lists ever compiled for a coral reef system of this size.
 

Underwater enthusiasts flock to this region because it offers the world’s best marine sights. 

Well, Many articles in internet shows you how beautiful the islands. But instead of that, these articles will advice you with some trivia and friendly illustration about what you’ll get there. After all, a well prepared vacation will make you enjoy your visit.

Some people said that it is better to go in October to April, with best chance of perfect conditions from mid-October to mid-December, This chance for perfect condition have decreased with weather uncertainty from global warming. But there’s actually no real off-season to come here. All you may get is sunny or rainy, that’s typical in tropical islands.

Raja Ampat homestays are not exactly homestays. You won’t be sharing a family’s home if you stay at one. You will however, be the guests of a Papuan family, staying on family owned land in what was once the only type of housing built in the islands. Be aware though, that accommodation at Raja Ampat homestays is basic and facilities and services taken for granted at many holiday destinations are generally unavailable. The following are not available at homestay accommodation: Air-conditioning, Internet connections, Spotless, insect-free rooms, Private or ensuite bathrooms with flushing toilets, Restaurants with a-la-carte menus and drinks lists, Room service (including housekeeping).If you regard any of the above as essential, then homestay accommodation is definitely not for you.

The local fishermen here are accustomed to foreigners and are friendly, especially when offered pinang (betel nuts) or some sweet candies. These are very popular and offering these sweets is considered polite and a good way to win an instant smile.

Some important preparations you should consider:

1. Prepare Your Camera

There’s absolutely contrition when you go to Raja Ampat and forget to bring the second important thing about your vacation here: everlasting memory in your album (of course, the first thing is your experience). No, the souvenirs are’nt as good as your photos from your own camera. Prepare the suitable camera according to the vacation you have planned (underwater camera for diver). Prepare the battery before you leave Sorong.

2. Buy Raja Ampat Pin

Without the pin, your vacation will be restricted only in Waisai abd Waigeo islands. There will be polices asking you to show the pin if you want to visit other islands in Raja Ampat. The price is Rp. 500.000,- (may have changed)

 3. Bring Rupiah

It will be very hard to get ATM here, and only in Waisai city, the capital of Raja Ampat, only accept some banks (BRI). Prepare it since you were in Sorong. And, if you had been to some places in Asia or other parts of Indonesia, forget about the estimated prices you had known before. Most of logistics here are from other bigger islands and main islands (Java, Papua, etc) and it is considered as remote area, so the price will be much higher for the transportation. Also the speed boat will take a lot of money too.
4. Bring personal medicine, or any special needs 
Same as the money, prepare the medicine since you were in Sorong. It is also valid for any internet access if you need (finish your job with internet before leaving to Raja Ampat), or any special needs for your computer, camera, handphone, etc.

5. Bring trashbag/plastic bag!!

Keep Raja Ampat clean! It is everybody’s responsibility to keep our nature beautiful and clean. Also your trash may harm animals here. Besides, Raja Ampat is a protected area and you will get penalty for damaging/harming the place.

6. Do not smoking in the boat

The petroleum for the boat is stored under the boat’s cabin. It is extremely dangerous to start smoking in the boat. The ship captain usually tells the passanger not to smoke in the boat, but in case he doesn’t tell you, you know that it is dangerous.

7. Bring more battery and dry bag

 It is very important to you to charge more battery every time you are in the homestay. Some homestay don’t provide 24 hours electricity, also all day long you will be in the boat, so more battery is better. Also since you will be in the boat, your electronics will need dry bag to keep them safe from water.

8. More Friends, Cheaper

The boats will be priced lower per person if there are full people in the boat. One boat can be used for about 15 passangers.
READ MORE - Raja Ampat, The Trivia

Anggrek

Suku anggrek-anggrekan atau Orchidaceae merupakan satu suku tumbuhan berbunga dengan anggota jenis terbanyak. Jenis-jenisnya tersebar luas dari daerah tropika basah hingga wilayah sirkumpolar, meskipun sebagian besar anggotanya ditemukan di daerah tropika. Kebanyakan anggota suku ini hidup sebagai epifit, terutama yang berasal dari daerah tropika. Anggrek di daerah beriklim sedang biasanya hidup di tanah dan membentuk umbi sebagai cara beradaptasi terhadap musim dingin. Organ-organnya yang cenderung tebal dan "berdaging" (sukulen) membuatnya tahan menghadapi tekanan ketersediaan air. Anggrek epifit dapat hidup dari embun dan udara lembap.

Tahukah kamu?

Anggrek Macan
Indonesia memiliki biodiversity Anggrek terbeser didunia : 6 ribu jenis anggrek, mulai dari yang terbesar (Anggrek Macan atau Grammatophyllum Speciosum) sampai yang terkecil (Taeniophyllum, yang tidak berdaun), serta Anggrek Hitam yang langka dan hanya terdapat di Kalimantan dan Papua.







Anggrek Hitam
Anggrek hitam (Coelogyne pandurata) adalah spesies anggrek yang hanya tumbuh di pulau Kalimantan. Anggrek hitam adalah maskot flora propinsi Kalimantan Timur. Saat ini, habitat asli anggrek hitam mengalami penurunan jumlah yang cukup besar karena semakin menyusutnya luas hutan di Kalimantan dan Papua, namun masih bisa ditemukan di cagar alam Kersik Luway dalam jumlah yang sedikit. Diperkirakan jumlah yang lebih banyak berada di tangan para kolektor anggrek. Dinamakan anggrek hitam karena anggrek ini memiliki lidah (labellum) berwarna hitam dengan sedikit garis-garis berwarna hijau dan berbulu. Sepal dan petal berwarna hijau muda. Bunganya cukup harum semerbak dan biasa mekar pada bulan Maret hingga Juni. Anggrek hitam termasuk dalam anggrek golongan simpodial dengan bentuk bulb membengkak pada bagian bawah dan daun terjulur di atasnya. Setiap bulb hanya memiliki dua lembar daun saja. Daunnya sendiri sekilas mirip seperti daun pada tunas kelapa muda. anggrek hitam termasuk tumbuhan yang dilindungi undang-undang! sehingga dilarang mengambil, menebang, memiliki, merusak, memusnahkan, memelihara, mengangkut, dan memperniagakan tumbuhan ini atau bagian-bagiannya dalam keadaan hidup atau mati serta dilarang mengeluarkan tumbuhan yang dilindungi atau bagian-bagiannya dalam keadaan hidup atau mati dari suatu tempat di Indonesia ke tempat lain di dalam atau di luar Indonesia.

Selain terkenal dengan keindahannya, bunga anggrek juga dikenal dengan ketahanan bunganya yang lama. Anggrek dapat ditemukan dengan mudah di hutan tropis yang ada di wilayah Indonesia. Sayangnya, keberadaan anggrek hutan yang tidak ternilai harganya kian terancam oleh perdagangan anggrek, serta tindak eksploitasi hutan yang menyebabkan hilangnya habitat asli anggrek. Sudah saatnya gerakan rehabilitasi dan pelestarian anggrek baik ek-situ maupun in-situ dilakukan secara gotong-royong tanpa harus bergantung pada program pemerintah. Masyarakat dianjurkan dapat berperan mandiri sebagai pelaku utama dalam kegiatan konservasi anggrek dengan koordinasi pihak-pihak terkait, sehingga “rasa memiliki” keanekaragaman hayati tidak hanya terbatas untuk instansi pemerintah saja…namun lebih utama yaitu pada masyarakat luas.

Anggrek Tanah

Anggrek Bulan



READ MORE - Anggrek

2014/05/29

East Kalimantan, a Surface Note

As a major producer of oil and timber, East Kalimantan at this moment is the most industrially advanced province in Indonesia. Oil, mining and logging bring prosperity to this province. Seasoned travelers might still be able to find adventures in relatively untouched places, and visitors who prefer comfort will find that most of the area here are pretty modernized.The original inhabitants of Kalimantan, the Orang Gunung or Mountain People. The tribes are collectivelly called Dayak, although this name is not embraced by many tribes-people themselves, who prefer to be known by separate tribal names such as Iban, Funan and Banuaq. Local tribes traditionally live in the communal longhouses called Lamin or Limaq Daru.

Dayak People
The Dayak or Dyak or Dayuh /'da?.?k/ are the native people of Borneo. It is a loose term for over 200 riverine and hill-dwelling ethnic subgroups, located principally in the interior of Borneo, each with its own dialect, customs, laws, territory and culture, although common distinguishing traits are readily identifiable. Dayak languages are categorised as part of the Austronesian languages in Asia. The Dayak were animist in belief; however many converted to Christianity, and some to Islam more recently. In the past, the Dayak were feared for their ancient tradition of headhunting practices. Coming of Christianity, with education where Dayaks are taught that headhunting is murder and against the Christian Bible's teachings.
If you go expecting to see head-hunters in loinclothes and feathers living in rustic longhouses you'll be sorely disappointed. All Dayaks wear modern clothing nowadays, and most of them live in modern houses.
But much of their culture remains alive and well, which is best witnessed during traditional festivals and ceremonies when they still don traditional garb, play traditional music and perform traditional dances. Weddings, harvest, illness or even New Year can be occassions to host such festivities.
Of course, seeing an authentic festival requires time and luck - though along the Mahakam River it is possible to arrange payed performances.
An important thing to realize is that the culture doesn't get more traditional the further inland you go.
The regions near the border have been heavily influenced both by fundamentalist Protestant missionaries and by the proximity of more developed Sarawak where many Dayaks go to work. In both East and West Kalimantan the more traditional areas are actually downriver.

Places
Mancong and Tanjung Issui Village These two village inhabited by Dayak Banuaq living on a long-house. Most visitor take a house boat on Mahakam River beginning from Loajanan the area just before Samarinda City from Balikpapan. Tanjung issui has a very well preserved long house, remodeled on the inside as a museum and hotel in the back with great rooms and a lovely view. Down the road from Tanjung Issui, Mancong's two story long house is inhabited by families and there are regular dance performances. it is very well decorated outside with many traditional banuaq style wood scupltures.

Tering Village where Dayak Tunjung and Kenyah with long ear woman are worth to visit. Next to Tering is Melak Village, the location of Black Orchid garden, it is called Gersik Luai it is a good 20 or 30 minute drive deep into the wilderness. Black Orchid season is late spring through autumn but you can see other species throughout the year.Two other longhouses worth visiting in this region are in Aheng (up the road from Melak) and Bigung (between Tering and Kutai Barat).

Labuan Cermin Lake Labuan Cermin, a cove in Biduk-Biduk district, Berau regency, East Kalimantan, is famous for its unique two-flavor lake water, fresh on the surface and salty at the bottom, with different types of fish coexisting alongside one another. It is also believed to have been a bathing place for Berau kings. For a better view of oil palm estates on hundreds of hectares of former forestland, you may chose to travel by land along the Berau–East Kutai route. The gorgeous views of Labuan Cermin or the Mirror Lake, likened by some to the beach Thai Phi Phi Leh Island where Leonardo DiCaprio starred in the film The Beach, is worthy of the four-hour trip.

Kutai Sultan’s Palace also known as Mulawarman Museum is situated in Tenggarong, the capital city of Kutai Kartanegara district. Mulawarman Museum is well-maintained that it provides convenience for visitors when taking museum tour to see the history of sultanate and its historical items. The museum looks strong and is dominated by white color.In this museum, various collections of Kutai Sultanate are presented e.g., royal throne, statues, jewelries, war attributes, beds, gamelan, ancient ceramics from China etc.

Skull Cave The skull cave located in the middle of a straight white chalk cliffs . The height of the cliff about 50 meters , and the niche it is at an altitude of about 30 meters .Goa was actually just a niche in the cliff , with a room about 1.5 meters high , 2 meters wide , 3 meters long . But , in the end it is still a niche narrow passage that no matter how long into the cliff . Karst cave in the mountains could be outside the visible small , but is actually a hole into the belly of the Earth are big and long . GOA contains dozens of human skulls and bones . Currently there are 35 skulls and 170 bones and bone fragments number . According to Derom , village residents to the river , this time there is one skull is kept in the State Museum of East Kalimantan ( Kaltim ) in Tenggarong .According to residents , human bones are neatly organized it is the bodies of their ancestors .The journey to this tourist spot is very easy because it is located in a village located on the edge of the trans - Banjarmasin Kalimantan Balikpapan . Precisely located to the right of the road from the direction of Balikpapan to Banjarmasin .A small clue board mounted on the side of the road . Distance from the main road to the cave about four kilometers by dirt road , but passable automobiles to the village river.

Melawai Beach This beach has a charm of a beautiful sunset , and romantic , this is the beach or Hammel Hammel beach is located along the road suderiman , precisely in East Kalimantan Balikpapan , Balikpapan city itself is mengadapat to Makassar Strait ( east ) and is famous for its mineral resource potential of the drilling first oil in Indonesia . Although the east-facing beach Hammel able to offer the charm of a sunset or the perfect sunset balikpapat because it is located in a small bay.

Samboja Lodge Located just 40 minutes from Balikpapan, Indonesian Borneo, Samboja Lodge is easy to be reached. Even with confirmation, the staff may even arrange for you to be picked up from the airport. there are many opportunities to get involved with the project (Create_Rainforest), which aims to reforest a large area of land that had been devastated by logging, fire and the subsequent spread of the alang-alang grass, with the long term goal of being a natural sanctuary for orangutan and other wildlifeOnly a few minutes walk away you can spend hours watching orangutans living on the protected islands, which cannot be released back into the wild due to certain blood disorders. Samboja Lodge is part of BOS International (Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation) and is most concerned with creating rainforest and protecting and reintroducing its natural wildlife, so even by staying in the luxurious suites, you can be safe in the knowledge that the profits are going to a worthy cause.

Derawan is a perfect tropical paradise . Warm sunlight combined with beach , white sand smooth , swaying coconut trees and crystal clear sea that changes color from green to cobalt blue . Underwater life here is incredible , you 'll find giant turtles , dolphins , manta rays , dugongs , barracudas , and stingless jellyfish . Shark Derawan here is one of the precious biodiversity . With a wealth of underwater it is not surprising that later Derawan known as one of the best diving destinations in the world .Was not far from the mainland Berau regency , East Kalimantan Derawan archipelago consists of 31 islands and the most famous of which is the island Derawan , Maratua , Charitable , and Kakaban . Here nesting green turtles and hawksbill turtles rare . You can watch turtles lay eggs every day in the sand or swim with the sea turtles.

Art

Hudoq Dance Some 50 people, all wearing masks decorated with red-knobbed bill bird (enggang) feathers, emerged from one end of the Telivaq village by a tributary to the Mahakam River. Their bodies covered with tassels of banana leaves, each of them carried a wooden stick and a mandau (dagger). They walked towards the customary stilt house, which is 2-meters high and 12-meters by 20-meters square. As soon as they arrived, they danced round the house, led by the customary chief. The sound produced by their sticks when struck against the ground and the stamping of their feet, coupled by the long whining of the hudoq dancers, made your hair stand on end. After dancing collectively for about an hour, people began to dance individually. After the hudoq dance performance was completed, the audience could enjoy other cultural shows. In the Dayak Bahau language, hudoq means a mask. Except in Telivaq, the hudoq dance performed by the Dayak Bahau community in all other villages along the Mahakam (or Mekam in the Dayak Bahau language) river basin is the same.

Mandau Mandau is the traditional weapon of the Dayak people of Borneo. The blade is mostly made of tempered metals, with exquisite vine-works and inlaid brass. The hilt is made from animal horns, such as deer's horns, although some variations with human bones and fragrant wood also have been found. Both the hilt and scabbard are elaborately carved and plumed. Ambang is a term used for Mandau that is made from common steel. Often it is also made as souvenir.

Sampek In the Dayak language, Sampek literally means “Plucking with fingers”, therefore, it is a string musical instrument that is played with the fingers – not unlike the classic guitar. The name of this unique instrument itself varies across several sub-groups of Dayaks.  Sampek or Sampe is a term used by the Dayak Kenyah, while the Dayak Bahau and Kanyaan call it : Sape. The Dayak Mondang recognize the instrument as Sempe, while the Dayak Tunjung and Banua call it kecapai –similar to kecapi, a string instrument found in West Java.A Sampek is shaped like the traditional boat with a hollow stern –thus it is also known as a boat lute instrument. The front part is decorated with black and red plakat paint in traditional Borneo tribal patterns. Unlike a regular guitar, the neck and body are one, carved from a single tree trunk. If the tuning head of a Dambus of Bangka is carved in the form of a deer head, the Sampek’s tuning head is decorated with carving of the head of the Hornbill Bird. The Hornbill bird, known in the local language as ‘Temengan’ is an icon of the Dayak and is held sacred.

Food

Variety of food gifts including unique KaltimAmplang (snack crackers made from a mixture of fish, tapioca flour and spices spices), abon crab, abon fish, and shrimp crackers. There is also Gabin, a kind of dry bread which is also often hunted tourists. Porridge Samarinda and various crab dishes also one of the mandatory sights for visitors who come to the East Kalimantan. You will not be hard to find these foods in City of Balikpapan and Samarinda. Cempedak is the one of special food from this city. Banana clamp.Kepok banana (banana Studios) is burned, and then pinned by two board-scissors and cut into small pieces. Served with coconut milk and sprinkled with sugar Java cheese on it.

So far, the most recommended place to buy souvenirs is in East Kalimantan Center, and surrounding places, since East Kalimantan is a big province and you might hard to find specific place to buy all different types of souvenirs other than this place.




READ MORE - East Kalimantan, a Surface Note

2014/05/25

West Java, a Surface Note

The enchanting land of Sunda stretches from the Sunda Strait in the West to the borders of Central Java in the east. The region is primarily mountainous, with rich green valleys hugging lofty volcanic peaks, many of which surround the capital of the province, Bandung. The history of West Java is a story of trade, spices, and the rise and fall of powerful kingdoms. 

The native people are called Sundanese. Sundanese are friendly folks who value tradition. However in some big cities, like Bandung, the capital of West Java, other ethnic groups begin to dominate as well.

Many people visit Bandung, the capital of West Java province, to pamper their taste buds. You'll be amazed with what Bandung has to offer. From various food sold on street vendors to haute cuisine, every visitor will be able to find something to their liking here, in Bandung.

Places

Jakarta-Puncak-Bandung-Lembang, the visitor routes


Puncak Pass is one of interesting destination in the West Java Province. It is located in the south of Jakarta and can be reached by an hour journey. Puncak is an ideal place for weekend, as well as a good location to find a fresh mountain air. Besides, many attractions can be found nearby, such as the Bogor and Cibodas Botanical Gardens; the Gede Pangrango National Park; the Plantations and the Safari Park.The  scenic but winding Jakarta-Bogor-Puncak road was once the only route to Bandung before the Cipularang toll road was opened which cut travelling time between the two cities to a mere two hours from the former 4 to 5 hours over the climbing and turning mountain roads.

Bandung is the capital of West Java. It is a tourist city, so it is easy to find anything you want, from Trans Studio indoor amusement park to factory outlet every 5 steps you walk by. From fancy old style foods to the fodd festival in Braga (every Saturday night). from youth communities all over city to city scams. Just remember not to come in high season or holiday, because the road will be crowded and traffic jam everywhere.



Natural scenery in the valley of Lembang is very beautiful. There are several natural traveling destinations in Lembang, especially those that rely on the mountain scenery and abundant natural wealth. Some objects of nature tourism in Lembang, among others are Curug omas, which has a source of hot water and contains minerals, there are also waterfalls Ciomas-high 25 yards; Mount Tangkuban Perahu, the one which is famous because of a legend story named Sangkuriang; Cikole Camp, to see tea garden; and floating market.

Nevertheless, the These areas remains a favorite destination to spend the weekend or even for just a few hours. Over the years, however, either side of the main road has, unfortunately, become overcrowded with settlements, blocking the views from the car. Therefore, to truly enjoy the beautiful countryside one has to turn into a side road, visit a resort, a hotel or restaurant to view the full glory of the grand scene that will suddenly unveil before you.

Kawah Putih


Kawah Putih (English: White Crater) is a striking crater lake and tourist spot in a volcanic crater about 50  m south of Bandung in West Java in Indonesia, created as the Patuha Mount errupted. The soil is white with high contain of sulfur. The water is white-green, changing the color with the change of sulfur concentration and the sky color.






Observatorium Boscha

Bosscha observatory is a research institute with spesific programs. Equipped with various support facilities, this observatory is a research and development center for astronomy in Indonesia. It was called Bosscha Sterrenwatch , and was made by Nederlandsch-Indische Sterrenkundige Vereeniging (NISV). The location is in Lembang, West Java. Bosscha is a landowner of tea field in Malabar, Karel Albert Rudolf Bosscha, as a tribute for his effort to gain sponsor for the observatorium. For personal/family purpose, the observatorium only open in Saturday.

Kacirebonan

The remnants of Cirebon sultanate; Kasepuhan, Kanoman, Kaprabonan, and Kacirebonan kratons are now run as cultural institution to preserve Cirebon culture. Each still held their traditional ceremonies and become the patrons of Cirebon arts. Some of royal symbols of Cirebon Sultanate describe their legacy and influences. The banner of Cirebon Sultanate is called "Macan Ali" (Ali's panther) with Arabic calligraphy arranged to resemble a panther or tiger, describe both Islamic influence and also Hindu Pajajaran Sundanese King Siliwangi tiger banner. Although did not held real political power anymore, the royal lineage of Cirebon still well respected and held in high prestige among the people of Cirebon.

The royal carriage of Kasepuhan's Singa Barong and Kanoman's Paksi Naga Liman carriage resemble the chimera of three animals; eagle, elephant, and dragon, to symbolyze Indian Hinduism, Arabic Islam, and Chinese influences. The images of Macan Ali, Singa Barong and Paksi Naga Liman also often featured as pattern in Cirebon batik.

Art

Wayang Golek

Wayang golek are wooden doll puppets that are operated from below by rods connected to the hands and a central control rod that runs through the body to the head. The simple construction of the puppets belies their versatility, expressiveness and aptitude for imitating human dance. Today, wayang golek is mainly associated with Sundanese culture of West Java.

It is incomplete to speak about Wayang Golek without Cepot. Cepot or Astrajingga is one of the Wayang Golek characters in Sundanese puppetry. Cepot is a panakawan character of wayang golek alongside Petruk and Dawala, which do not exist in the original Mahabarata or Ramayana. Cepot is one of Semar's sons. Cepot is as rural character from the fictional desa (sundanese language for village) Tumaritis, there he lived with his father Semar and two of his brothers, Petruk and Dawala. Cepot is humorous and easy going, everything Cepot says tends to be funny, and Cepot's act is full of slapstick jokes, mostly done together with its antagonist wayang golek character. Cepot in wayang golek puppetry also has other, good looking faces: Astrajingga, described with its straight, humble, good looking and white face. Cepot is the favourite character of Sundanese Indonesian wayang golek maestro Asep Sunandar Sunarya

More about wayang, click HERE

Ketuk Tilu Dance

Tap Tilu is a forerunner of social dances Jaipongan from West Javaand entertainment at the same time which is usually held on the wedding ceremony, entertainment or activities cover held specifically in a place that is quite extensive.The term is taken from the tap tilu accompanying instrument, which is 3 pieces of tap (bonang) which give rhythm patterns fiddle, percussion (drum) ovary (large) and kulanter (small) to regulate the dynamics of dance / drum which accompanied manacle and goong. Previously, tap tilu is the rice harvest ceremony welcoming feeling thanks to Dewi Sri. The ceremony is conducted at night, with a girl paraded accompanied noises stopped at large. Now, tilu tap into social dances and entertainment, usually held at the feast, entertainment cover an activity, or held on special occasions. In certain villages, tap dance all night tilu often done too late. Costumes worn women tap dancers tilu is kebaya, sinjang (trousers) belt, and a variety of accessories, such as bracelets and necklaces. As for the male dancers, dressed in dark colors shucks, pangsi pants, headband, and a leather belt.

Jaipongan Dance

Jaipongan, also known as jaipong, is a musical performance genre of the Sundanese people in the Sundanese language of West Java, Indonesia. Jaipongan includes revived indigenous arts, like gamelan, but it also did not ignore Western music completely despite the ban on rock and roll. It used its sensuality and the sensuality found in a traditional village music and dance, ketuk tilu. However, many believe it is something purely Indonesian or Sundanese in origin and style. It is developed predominately from rural folk forms and traditions as a purely indigenous form. The rise of cassettes and films has led to the popularity of the musical form of jaipongan. It has spread from its home in West Java’s Sunda, to greater Java and Indonesia. It can be seen as many regional varieties of gong-chime performance found through much of Indonesia. As also an urban dance form, it is based primarily on the village forms of ketuk tilu and on the Indonesian martial arts, pencak silat. The musical genre is largely influenced from ketuk tilu with traces of the masked theater dance, topeng banjet and the wayang golek puppet theater. Ketuk tilu is its biggest influence, as a traditional Sudanese musical entertainment form.

Cirebon Mask Dance

Cirebon mask dance or tari topeng Cirebon is a local indigenous art form of Cirebon in Java, including Indramayu and Jatibarang, West Java and Brebes, Central Java. It is called mask dance because the dancers use masks when dancing. There is a lot of variety in Javanese mask dance, both in terms of the dance style and the stories to be conveyed. Sometimes the mask dance can be performed by solo dancers, or it can also be performed by several people.
Graceful hand and body movements, and musical accompaniment dominated by drums and fiddle, are hallmarks of Javanese mask dance. The dance is performed on special occasions for local officials, or for other traditional celebrations. Topeng Klana Kencana Wungu is Cirebon mask dance in Parahyangan mask style, depicted the story of Queen Kencana Wungu of Majapahit being chased by the grotesque and rough King Minak Jingga of Blambangan. The Sundanese Topeng Kandaga dance is similar and influenced by Cirebon topeng, where the dancer wearing red mask and costumes.

Angklung

Angklung is a musical instrument made of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. The tubes are carved to have a resonant pitch when struck and are tuned to octaves. The base of the frame is held in one hand, whilst the other hand strikes the instrument. This causes a repeating note to sound. Each of three or more performers in an angklung ensemble play just one note or more, but altogether complete melodies are produced. The angklung is popular throughout Southeast Asia, but it originated in what is now Indonesia and has been played by the Sundanese for many centuries.


Food
Sundanese (most people living in West Java are Sundanese) has tempting refreshments. Sundanese food tends to be bland yet tasty unless you add sambal dadak (chili and other ingredients grinded together) to your food. If you're looking for more spicy taste, just add this sambal dadak with nasi timbel (steamed rice formed into a roll inside a banana leaf) and other specialties. This mouthwatering treat is too good to be missed! Usually sour vegetables soup (sayur asam) is accompanied by nasi timbel. Sundanese people eat vegetables a lot. Sometimes they even eat raw vegetables (called lalap or lalapan) like cucumbers, tomatoes, coriander leaves, eggplants, cabbages, lettuces,and so on. Lalapan is usually accompanied by sambal dadak. Nasi timbel is a favorite among locals and visitors. Batagor baso tahu goreng (literally means, fried meatballs & tofu) is one of the most well-sought specialty. Made from blended fish and beancurd, with a special peanut sauce, batagor?s popularity remains constant. Bandung also offers various milk products most notably, yoghurt. Basically there are two kinds of yoghurt in Bandung the thin one, and the thick one (French style). Hot snacks ala Bandung are widely sold throughout the city. Among them are gehu-toge tahu- (beancurd with beansprouts and vegetables filling), pisang goreng (fried banana), cireng-aci goreng- (fried tapioca), and many more. You might be interested in trying other snacks such as, nangka goreng (fried jackfruit), peuyeum goreng (fermented cassava, fried), nanas goreng (fried pineapple), and so on. Ketan bakar (roasted sticky rice) and jagung bakar/rebus (roasted/boiled corns) are also recommended.

Peuyeum

This is a traditional food, may have unfamiliar taste to you. Try first before you consider buying a lot. Peuyeum is a food made from cassava. Cassava fermented with yeast. How to make it very simple, namely: cassava is peeled washed and then steamed until cooked. Cassava should be steamed and then sprinkled with yeast and wait a few days. So when the fermented cassava has been called by peuyeum This food is the authentic food of western Indonesia, permanent from West Java city of Bandung name. Specifically, Peuyeum is made from a whole cassava without being cut into pieces like other types of tape in other places. The fermentation process is occurred while Peuyeum is hanging on the ceilings. There are two types of cassavas that most Peuyeum makers use: the mentega cassava and manggis cassava. Those two types of cassava have its own pro and con. Mentega cassava is more delicious than the manggis one, but it doesn’t last longer compared to the manggis cassava. Manggis cassava keeps its true taste longer even though it is not as delicious as mentega cassava. When you are interested in buying Peuyeum, it is suggested for you not to be so in rush, especially when you see many sellers along the sidewalks. You need to concern several things like the hygiene of the places or the sellers and the quality of Peuyeum you can check directly. Pick the one that appears more yellow than the others and little bit flabby, but if you plan to keep it for awhile before you consume it you can pick the one that is not too flabby.

Cilembu Sweet Potato

Cilembu sweet potato is a sweet potato which has been stored for 5-7 days after harvested. The characteristic of processed cilembu sweet potato in-oven is that it feels more limp (not stiff) when in crooked-bent , shrink wieght as well as slightly wrinkles skin. Cilembu sweet potato is commonly processed by in-oven for approximately 30-90 minutes (depending on the size of the sweet potato), until it become soft and pulled out with a sweet and sticky liquid sugar of honey. There is honey liquid only found on Cilembu sweet potato. This is what became cilembu sweet potato idiosyncrasy compared with the other sweet potatoes. Sweet potatoes is very sweet and fluffier, different with ordinary sweet potatoes. Therefore, Cilembu sweet potato also called Honey sweet potatoes. After being in-oven sweet potato will hold up to 2-3 days on normal temperatures. For more durability, it can be stored into the refrigerators and re-warmed for further consumable. It is not suitable to be fried, because the high sugar content makes this sweet potato very easy to become “sandbar”. It is also not suitable for boil, because the aroma of the "honey" will diminish, or even disappear. In general, Cilembu sweet potato products are traded in the form of roasted sweet potatoes besides processed in the form of chips, tape, lunkhead, keremes, jams, sauces, flour, various cakes, noodles, and syrup.

Combro, Misro and Bala-Bala

Fried snacks are familiar to the tongue all the citizens of Bandung. For example, fried bananas, fried tempeh and sweet potato fries. Well, there is no such thing as popular as “comro”, “misro” and “bala-bala”since Bandung was the origin of these fried snacks. And 3 fried snacks, is now known to everyone, maybe all the people of Indonesia. “Comro” (often called “combro”), an abbreviation of “oncom dijero” (Sundanese), which means: oncom therein. It is made of cassava, with combro in the middle, then it is fried. Oncom needs fermentation, so it will be a little bitter (as the bitter you’ll find in alcohol, but just very small). “Misro”, an abbreviation of: “amis dijero” (Sundanese), which means: sweet in it (because there is liquid palm sugar in it). While “bala-bala”, is not the abbreviation. It’s a snack, that the term taken from Sundanese, which is “bala”, which means “scattered”. What is scattered? the carrots and cabbage, mixed, seem scattered and irregular, then fried with mixture dough.

Dodol Garut

Made from the mixture of sticky rice and sugar, this traditional cake is well known for its special taste which is different from other similar cake from other region. No wonder if Garut is also named “the city of Dodol”. Now to respond the change of customers’ taste, the customers will experience new special flavors like strawberry, ginger plus honey, durian, cocopandan, chocolate, and sesame flavors.


Batagor

Batagor (abbreviation from: Bakso Tahu Goreng, "fried bakso and tofu") is Sundanese Indonesian fried fish dumplings served with peanut sauce. It is traditionally made from tenggiri (wahoo) fish meat. Sometimes other types of seafood such as tuna, mackerel, and prawn also can be used to make batagor. Just like siomay, other complements to batagor are steamed cabbage, potatoes, bitter gourd and tofu. Batagor is cut into bite size pieces and topped with peanut sauce, sweet soy sauce, chili sauce and a dash of lime juice. Because being fried, batagor have crispy and crunchy texture. Since the serving method is identical, today batagor and siomay often sold under one vendor, with batagor offered as variation or addition to siomay. Yes, Batagor is influenced by Chinese Indonesian cuisine and derived from siomay, with the difference instead of being steamed, batagor is considered as fried type of siomay.

Surabi

Serabi, or surabi is an Indonesian pancake that is made from rice flour with coconut milk or just plain shredded coconut as an emulsifier. Most of traditional serabi tastes sweet, as the pancake usually eaten with kinca or thick golden-brownish colored coconut sugar syrup. However another savoury version also existed that uses oncom toppings. Surabi is cooked in a specific clay oven where every little pancake is placed in a steaming hot gap until cooked. The toppings are cooked on top of the pancake so they blend in with the mixture and the chocolate or cheese melts. The taste is somewhat similar to pancakes but it's these toppings that make the difference.

Sate Maranggi

Sate Maranggi is made from cow or goat meat; i.e. beef or mutton. The harmony flavors in the seasoning make this sate become special; sweet from the sweet soy sauce (kecap manis) and palm sugar/coconut sugar (gula jawa) combine with sour taste from asam jawa (tamarind). Serving with the Sauce which is another beautiful combination between sweet soy sauce and vinegar, mix with chopped tangy shallots, spicy green chili and juicy tomato.


Lotek and Karedok

you can find it in my post here
READ MORE - West Java, a Surface Note